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THE TWENTY-FOES  GHXTS*                                               145
not, as might be supposed, a conniption of swAmi, but of Sdmhn&y £ opposite,* as
It faces the main street of the city, where is a mansion of carved stone built by
the famous Blip Mm, Katara, of Barsana. The second is the Bengali Ghat, at
the foot of the pontoon bridge and close to a large house, the property of the
Raja of Jhalra-patfean. It is so called from having been builfc by fclie Gosain of
the temple of Gobind Deva at Brinda-ban, the head of the Bengali Yaishnavas,
who has a residence on the opposite side of the street. The end of the ghat adjoining
the Raja of Jhalra-pattaa's hoosehas been left unfinished, as the right to the
ground forms the subject of a dispute between the Baja and the Gosain.
Most of the ghats refer in their names to well-known legends and are of no
special historical or architectural interest The list is appropriately headed
by one dedicated to Cranes, the god invoked at the commencement of every
undertaking ; the second and third are both sacred to Siva—the one com-
memorating the Manasa lake, a famous place of pilgrimage on mount Kailas
in the Himalayas ; the other the Basasvamedh Ghat, the holiest spot in Siva's
city of Banaras. The fourth or Chakra-tlrtha, with the Ml of Ambarisha,,
refers to Vishnu's magic discus, chakra, with which he defended Ms votary
Ambarisha against the assaults of the Sivite Burvasas. The ME is between
60 and 70 feet high, and according to popular rumour there is in the centre
of it a cave containing an enormous treasure. I did not expect to discover
this, but as General Cmmingbam had told me of a gold coin of Apollodotus
that had been found there, I got some men to dig? thinking it not unlikely
something might turn up. The only reward for my trouble was a small
fragment of Buddhist sculpture representing a devotee under a niche with
the rail pattern below and the capitals of the pillars of Indo-Ionic type. This
however was sufficient proof of the great antiquity and also of the Buddhist
occupation of the mound.
The temple of Mahadeva at the Ganga Krishan Ghat has some very rich and
delicate reticulated stone tracery* and all the work about this ghat is exception-
ally -goodj both in design and execution. It was done, a little before the mutiny,
under the immediate siiperieoteadence of the Brahman then in charge of the
shrine, Baladeva Bjas by name. The title Kalinjaresvar would seen^tp be a
mistake for Kalindisvar : Kalindi being a name of the Jarauna, which takes its
rise in4 the Kalinda range. A little above the ghat is an old red stone chhattri,
which has a singularly graceful finiaL
A little below the Sami Ghat is a small mosque and group of tombs com-
memorating a Muhammadan saintj Makhdiiin SMh Wilayat, of BMt The